A recent study that has been carried out at the University of Rochester has shed light on the relationship between fat cells and weight gain. According to the research, the Thy1 protein has an important role to play in primitive cells turning into fat cells. This research sheds light on the role of Thy1 protein in the development of fat cells and weight gain and its importance in the prevention of obesity and related conditions.
So far, obesity and weight gain are predominantly viewed as behavior-related subjects, and therefore diet pills that have emerged on the market for treating obesity also contain anti-addiction and antidepressant medicines. However, these medicines have yet failed to address the molecular-level activity of the cells contributing to fat cell accumulation.
The Role of Thy1 Protein in the Development of Fat Cells and Weight Gain
It is interesting to note that the Thy1 protein in itself is not a discovery as it has been studied for 40 years now. However, its role in the development of fat cells has been uncovered for the first time through this research. The study suggests that the Thy1 protein expression seems to be lost in the process of fat cell development, which has led the scientists to believe that obesity may be treated by means of restoring its levels.
The researchers are already developing an anti-obesity drug that comprises Thy1 peptide and may address obesity and prevent the harmful effects associated with it. According to researchers, they do not view obesity as something that can be associated with just eating more and with low levels of physical activity but, rather, are trying to view the larger picture, which includes the network that has a role to play in the development of fat cells.
Research Carried Out on Human Cells
Researchers have studied cells from humans and mice for the confirmation of the role Thy1 plays in the development of fat cells in the body. Experiments that entailed the usage of human abdominal fatty tissues confirmed the findings of the research. The researchers are now seeking the answers to questions like how the cells that have the potential to convert into fat cells lose Thy 1protein and how fat accumulation speeds up in the absence of Thy1 protein. They are also studying whether or not Thy 1 levels in people are different at the time of birth or whether they undergo a change later in their lives as a result of exposure to environmental factors.
Thus, this research on fat cells and weight gain may prove to be a breakthrough in fighting obesity and all associated conditions.